ServiceManager 的启动过程

ServiceManager作为Binder机制的守护进程,主要用于管理各种系统service,并向client提供获取service代理对象的服务。

一、init启动servicemanager

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#frameworks/native/cmds/servicemanager/servicemanager.rc
service servicemanager /system/bin/servicemanager
class core animation
user system
group system readproc
critical
onrestart restart healthd
onrestart restart zygote
onrestart restart audioserver
onrestart restart media
onrestart restart surfaceflinger
onrestart restart inputflinger
onrestart restart drm
onrestart restart cameraserver
onrestart restart keystore
onrestart restart gatekeeperd
writepid /dev/cpuset/system-background/tasks
shutdown critical

二、service_manager的main函数

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//frameworks/native/cmds/servicemanager/service_manager.c
int main(int argc, char** argv)
{
struct binder_state *bs;
union selinux_callback cb;
char *driver;
if (argc > 1) {
driver = argv[1];
} else {
// binder节点
driver = "/dev/binder";
}
// 打开binder驱动,128kb内存
bs = binder_open(driver, 128*1024);
if (!bs) {
#ifdef VENDORSERVICEMANAGER
ALOGW("failed to open binder driver %s\n", driver);
while (true) {
sleep(UINT_MAX);
}
#else
ALOGE("failed to open binder driver %s\n", driver);
#endif
return -1;
}
// binder上下文管理
if (binder_become_context_manager(bs)) {
ALOGE("cannot become context manager (%s)\n", strerror(errno));
return -1;
}
cb.func_audit = audit_callback;
selinux_set_callback(SELINUX_CB_AUDIT, cb);
#ifdef VENDORSERVICEMANAGER
cb.func_log = selinux_vendor_log_callback;
#else
cb.func_log = selinux_log_callback;
#endif
selinux_set_callback(SELINUX_CB_LOG, cb);
#ifdef VENDORSERVICEMANAGER
sehandle = selinux_android_vendor_service_context_handle();
#else
sehandle = selinux_android_service_context_handle();
#endif
selinux_status_open(true);
if (sehandle == NULL) {
ALOGE("SELinux: Failed to acquire sehandle. Aborting.\n");
abort();
}
if (getcon(&service_manager_context) != 0) {
ALOGE("SELinux: Failed to acquire service_manager context. Aborting.\n");
abort();
}
// 无限循环,处理client端请求
binder_loop(bs, svcmgr_handler);
return 0;
}

2.1 binder_open函数

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//frameworks/native/cmds/servicemanager/binder.c
struct binder_state *binder_open(const char* driver, size_t mapsize)
{
struct binder_state *bs;
struct binder_version vers;
bs = malloc(sizeof(*bs));
if (!bs) {
errno = ENOMEM;
return NULL;
}
// 打开binder驱动
bs->fd = open(driver, O_RDWR | O_CLOEXEC);
if (bs->fd < 0) {
fprintf(stderr,"binder: cannot open %s (%s)\n",
driver, strerror(errno));
goto fail_open;
}
// 检查kernel和用户空间binder版本是否一致
if ((ioctl(bs->fd, BINDER_VERSION, &vers) == -1) ||
(vers.protocol_version != BINDER_CURRENT_PROTOCOL_VERSION)) {
fprintf(stderr,
"binder: kernel driver version (%d) differs from user space version (%d)\n",
vers.protocol_version, BINDER_CURRENT_PROTOCOL_VERSION);
goto fail_open;
}
bs->mapsize = mapsize;
// mmap内存映射,必须为页大小的整数倍
bs->mapped = mmap(NULL, mapsize, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, bs->fd, 0);
if (bs->mapped == MAP_FAILED) {
fprintf(stderr,"binder: cannot map device (%s)\n",
strerror(errno));
goto fail_map;
}
return bs;
fail_map:
close(bs->fd);
fail_open:
free(bs);
return NULL;
}

2.2 binder_become_context_manager函数

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//frameworks/native/cmds/servicemanager/binder.c
int binder_become_context_manager(struct binder_state *bs)
{
return ioctl(bs->fd, BINDER_SET_CONTEXT_MGR, 0);
}
2.2.1 binder_ioctl函数
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//kernel/drivers/android/binder.c
static long binder_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
int ret;
struct binder_proc *proc = filp->private_data;
struct binder_thread *thread;
unsigned int size = _IOC_SIZE(cmd);
void __user *ubuf = (void __user *)arg;
binder_selftest_alloc(&proc->alloc);
trace_binder_ioctl(cmd, arg);
ret = wait_event_interruptible(binder_user_error_wait, binder_stop_on_user_error < 2);
if (ret)
goto err_unlocked;
thread = binder_get_thread(proc);
if (thread == NULL) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto err;
}
switch (cmd) {
case BINDER_WRITE_READ:
ret = binder_ioctl_write_read(filp, cmd, arg, thread);
if (ret)
goto err;
break;
...
case BINDER_SET_CONTEXT_MGR:
ret = binder_ioctl_set_ctx_mgr(filp);
if (ret)
goto err;
break;
...
err:
if (thread)
thread->looper_need_return = false;
wait_event_interruptible(binder_user_error_wait, binder_stop_on_user_error < 2);
if (ret && ret != -ERESTARTSYS)
pr_info("%d:%d ioctl %x %lx returned %d\n", proc->pid, current->pid, cmd, arg, ret);
err_unlocked:
trace_binder_ioctl_done(ret);
return ret;
}

2.2.2 binder_ioctl_set_ctx_mgr函数

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//kernel/drivers/android/binder.c
static int binder_ioctl_set_ctx_mgr(struct file *filp)
{
int ret = 0;
struct binder_proc *proc = filp->private_data;
struct binder_context *context = proc->context;
struct binder_node *new_node;
kuid_t curr_euid = current_euid();
mutex_lock(&context->context_mgr_node_lock);
// binder_context_mgr_node,创建mgr_node对象
if (context->binder_context_mgr_node) {
pr_err("BINDER_SET_CONTEXT_MGR already set\n");
ret = -EBUSY;
goto out;
}
ret = security_binder_set_context_mgr(proc->tsk);
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
// binder_context_mgr_uid,设置servicemanager的uid
if (uid_valid(context->binder_context_mgr_uid)) {
if (!uid_eq(context->binder_context_mgr_uid, curr_euid)) {
pr_err("BINDER_SET_CONTEXT_MGR bad uid %d != %d\n",
from_kuid(&init_user_ns, curr_euid),
from_kuid(&init_user_ns,
context->binder_context_mgr_uid));
ret = -EPERM;
goto out;
}
} else {
context->binder_context_mgr_uid = curr_euid;
}
// binder_new_node,创建servicemanager实体
new_node = binder_new_node(proc, NULL);
if (!new_node) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto out;
}
binder_node_lock(new_node);
new_node->local_weak_refs++;
new_node->local_strong_refs++;
new_node->has_strong_ref = 1;
new_node->has_weak_ref = 1;
context->binder_context_mgr_node = new_node;
binder_node_unlock(new_node);
binder_put_node(new_node);
out:
mutex_unlock(&context->context_mgr_node_lock);
return ret;
}

2.3 binder_loop函数

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//frameworks/native/cmds/servicemanager/binder.c
void binder_loop(struct binder_state *bs, binder_handler func)
{
int res;
struct binder_write_read bwr;
uint32_t readbuf[32];
bwr.write_size = 0;
bwr.write_consumed = 0;
bwr.write_buffer = 0;
// 将BC_ENTER_LOOPER发给binder,让servicemanager进入循环
readbuf[0] = BC_ENTER_LOOPER;
binder_write(bs, readbuf, sizeof(uint32_t));
for (;;) {
bwr.read_size = sizeof(readbuf);
bwr.read_consumed = 0;
bwr.read_buffer = (uintptr_t) readbuf;
res = ioctl(bs->fd, BINDER_WRITE_READ, &bwr);
if (res < 0) {
ALOGE("binder_loop: ioctl failed (%s)\n", strerror(errno));
break;
}
// 解析binder
res = binder_parse(bs, 0, (uintptr_t) readbuf, bwr.read_consumed, func);
if (res == 0) {
ALOGE("binder_loop: unexpected reply?!\n");
break;
}
if (res < 0) {
ALOGE("binder_loop: io error %d %s\n", res, strerror(errno));
break;
}
}
}
2.3.1 binder_write函数
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//frameworks/native/cmds/servicemanager/binder.c
int binder_write(struct binder_state *bs, void *data, size_t len)
{
struct binder_write_read bwr;
int res;
bwr.write_size = len;
bwr.write_consumed = 0;
bwr.write_buffer = (uintptr_t) data;
bwr.read_size = 0;
bwr.read_consumed = 0;
bwr.read_buffer = 0;
// 通过ioctl将bwr数据发给binder
res = ioctl(bs->fd, BINDER_WRITE_READ, &bwr);
if (res < 0) {
fprintf(stderr,"binder_write: ioctl failed (%s)\n",
strerror(errno));
}
return res;
}
2.3.2 binder_ioctl_write_read
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//kernel/drivers/android/binder.c
static int binder_ioctl_write_read(struct file *filp,
unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg,
struct binder_thread *thread)
{
int ret = 0;
struct binder_proc *proc = filp->private_data;
unsigned int size = _IOC_SIZE(cmd);
void __user *ubuf = (void __user *)arg;
struct binder_write_read bwr;
if (size != sizeof(struct binder_write_read)) {
ret = -EINVAL;
goto out;
}
if (copy_from_user(&bwr, ubuf, sizeof(bwr))) {
ret = -EFAULT;
goto out;
}
binder_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_READ_WRITE,
"%d:%d write %lld at %016llx, read %lld at %016llx\n",
proc->pid, thread->pid,
(u64)bwr.write_size, (u64)bwr.write_buffer,
(u64)bwr.read_size, (u64)bwr.read_buffer);
if (bwr.write_size > 0) {
ret = binder_thread_write(proc, thread,
bwr.write_buffer,
bwr.write_size,
&bwr.write_consumed);
trace_binder_write_done(ret);
if (ret < 0) {
bwr.read_consumed = 0;
if (copy_to_user(ubuf, &bwr, sizeof(bwr)))
ret = -EFAULT;
goto out;
}
}
if (bwr.read_size > 0) {
ret = binder_thread_read(proc, thread, bwr.read_buffer,
bwr.read_size,
&bwr.read_consumed,
filp->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK);
trace_binder_read_done(ret);
binder_inner_proc_lock(proc);
if (!binder_worklist_empty_ilocked(&proc->todo))
binder_wakeup_proc_ilocked(proc);
binder_inner_proc_unlock(proc);
if (ret < 0) {
if (copy_to_user(ubuf, &bwr, sizeof(bwr)))
ret = -EFAULT;
goto out;
}
}
binder_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_READ_WRITE,
"%d:%d wrote %lld of %lld, read return %lld of %lld\n",
proc->pid, thread->pid,
(u64)bwr.write_consumed, (u64)bwr.write_size,
(u64)bwr.read_consumed, (u64)bwr.read_size);
if (copy_to_user(ubuf, &bwr, sizeof(bwr))) {
ret = -EFAULT;
goto out;
}
out:
return ret;
}
2.3.3 binder_parse函数
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//frameworks/native/cmds/servicemanager/binder.c
int binder_parse(struct binder_state *bs, struct binder_io *bio,
uintptr_t ptr, size_t size, binder_handler func)
{
int r = 1;
uintptr_t end = ptr + (uintptr_t) size;
while (ptr < end) {
uint32_t cmd = *(uint32_t *) ptr;
ptr += sizeof(uint32_t);
#if TRACE
fprintf(stderr,"%s:\n", cmd_name(cmd));
#endif
switch(cmd) {
case BR_NOOP:
break;
case BR_TRANSACTION_COMPLETE:
break;
case BR_INCREFS:
case BR_ACQUIRE:
case BR_RELEASE:
case BR_DECREFS:
#if TRACE
fprintf(stderr," %p, %p\n", (void *)ptr, (void *)(ptr + sizeof(void *)));
#endif
ptr += sizeof(struct binder_ptr_cookie);
break;
case BR_TRANSACTION: {
struct binder_transaction_data *txn = (struct binder_transaction_data *) ptr;
if ((end - ptr) < sizeof(*txn)) {
ALOGE("parse: txn too small!\n");
return -1;
}
binder_dump_txn(txn);
if (func) {
unsigned rdata[256/4];
struct binder_io msg;
struct binder_io reply;
int res;
bio_init(&reply, rdata, sizeof(rdata), 4);
bio_init_from_txn(&msg, txn);
res = func(bs, txn, &msg, &reply);
if (txn->flags & TF_ONE_WAY) {
binder_free_buffer(bs, txn->data.ptr.buffer);
} else {
binder_send_reply(bs, &reply, txn->data.ptr.buffer, res);
}
}
ptr += sizeof(*txn);
break;
}
case BR_REPLY: {
struct binder_transaction_data *txn = (struct binder_transaction_data *) ptr;
if ((end - ptr) < sizeof(*txn)) {
ALOGE("parse: reply too small!\n");
return -1;
}
binder_dump_txn(txn);
if (bio) {
bio_init_from_txn(bio, txn);
bio = 0;
} else {
/* todo FREE BUFFER */
}
ptr += sizeof(*txn);
r = 0;
break;
}
case BR_DEAD_BINDER: {
struct binder_death *death = (struct binder_death *)(uintptr_t) *(binder_uintptr_t *)ptr;
ptr += sizeof(binder_uintptr_t);
death->func(bs, death->ptr);
break;
}
case BR_FAILED_REPLY:
r = -1;
break;
case BR_DEAD_REPLY:
r = -1;
break;
default:
ALOGE("parse: OOPS %d\n", cmd);
return -1;
}
}
return r;
}
2.3.4 svcmgr_handler函数
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//frameworks/native/cmds/servicemanager/service_manager.c
struct svcinfo
{
struct svcinfo *next;
uint32_t handle;
struct binder_death death;
int allow_isolated;
uint32_t dumpsys_priority;
size_t len;
uint16_t name[0];
};
int svcmgr_handler(struct binder_state *bs,
struct binder_transaction_data *txn,
struct binder_io *msg,
struct binder_io *reply)
{
struct svcinfo *si;
uint16_t *s;
size_t len;
uint32_t handle;
uint32_t strict_policy;
int allow_isolated;
uint32_t dumpsys_priority;
if (txn->target.ptr != BINDER_SERVICE_MANAGER)
return -1;
if (txn->code == PING_TRANSACTION)
return 0;
strict_policy = bio_get_uint32(msg);
s = bio_get_string16(msg, &len);
if (s == NULL) {
return -1;
}
if ((len != (sizeof(svcmgr_id) / 2)) ||
memcmp(svcmgr_id, s, sizeof(svcmgr_id))) {
fprintf(stderr,"invalid id %s\n", str8(s, len));
return -1;
}
if (sehandle && selinux_status_updated() > 0) {
#ifdef VENDORSERVICEMANAGER
struct selabel_handle *tmp_sehandle = selinux_android_vendor_service_context_handle();
#else
struct selabel_handle *tmp_sehandle = selinux_android_service_context_handle();
#endif
if (tmp_sehandle) {
selabel_close(sehandle);
sehandle = tmp_sehandle;
}
}
switch(txn->code) {
case SVC_MGR_GET_SERVICE:
case SVC_MGR_CHECK_SERVICE:
// 服务名
s = bio_get_string16(msg, &len);
if (s == NULL) {
return -1;
}
// 根据名称查询服务
handle = do_find_service(s, len, txn->sender_euid, txn->sender_pid);
if (!handle)
break;
bio_put_ref(reply, handle);
return 0;
case SVC_MGR_ADD_SERVICE:
s = bio_get_string16(msg, &len);
if (s == NULL) {
return -1;
}
handle = bio_get_ref(msg);
allow_isolated = bio_get_uint32(msg) ? 1 : 0;
dumpsys_priority = bio_get_uint32(msg);
// 注册服务
if (do_add_service(bs, s, len, handle, txn->sender_euid, allow_isolated, dumpsys_priority,
txn->sender_pid))
return -1;
break;
case SVC_MGR_LIST_SERVICES: {
uint32_t n = bio_get_uint32(msg);
uint32_t req_dumpsys_priority = bio_get_uint32(msg);
// 列举服务
if (!svc_can_list(txn->sender_pid, txn->sender_euid)) {
ALOGE("list_service() uid=%d - PERMISSION DENIED\n",
txn->sender_euid);
return -1;
}
si = svclist;
while (si) {
if (si->dumpsys_priority & req_dumpsys_priority) {
if (n == 0) break;
n--;
}
si = si->next;
}
if (si) {
bio_put_string16(reply, si->name);
return 0;
}
return -1;
}
default:
ALOGE("unknown code %d\n", txn->code);
return -1;
}
bio_put_uint32(reply, 0);
return 0;
}